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Treatment of High Blood Pressure and Diabetes

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High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is currently defined as having a blood pressure > (of or greater than) 140/90, though this is more arbitrary cutoff point than a biological one. Hypertension should be diagnosed using an average of more than one reading, taken at each of three separate visits. If you are diagnosed with hypertension, the following treatments can help you manage the condition and sometimes eliminate it altogether:

  • Physical activity consultation and regimen
  • Dietary sodium intake consultation and alteration
  • Weight loss program
  • Alcohol intake assessment
  • Drug therapy, if deemed necessary

Diabetes

In the United States, 23.6 million people have diabetes. Most of these people lead full, healthy lives. Diabetes is a disease that occurs when a person’s body doesn’t make enough of the hormone insulin or can’t use insulin properly. There are 2 types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when your body’s pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin. Type 2 diabetes occurs due to insulin resistance—you have too much circulating glucose and not enough insulin to take care of it.  Between 90% and 95% of people who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.

When you digest food, your body changes most of the food you eat into glucose (a form of sugar). Insulin allows this glucose to enter all the cells of your body and be used as energy. When you have diabetes, because your body doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use it properly, the glucose builds up in your blood instead of moving into the cells. Too much glucose in the blood can lead to serious health problems, including heart disease and damage to the nerves, kidneys, heart and eyes.

Although diabetes can’t be cured, you can still live a long and healthy life. The single most important thing you can do is control your blood sugar level. You can do this by eating right, exercising, maintaining a healthy weight and, if needed, taking oral medicines or insulin.

  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Exercise
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Check or monitor blood sugar level (blood glucose level)
  • Take your medicine as prescribed (insulin injections, insulin pens or insulin pumps)
  • Avoid hypoglycemia by eating proper foods regularly

Diabetes can be a dangerous and life-threatening disease if you don’t control your blood sugar level. Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage your eyes, blood vessels, nerves and kidneys. Some complications of diabetes can include:

  • Blindness and vision loss
  • Heart disease
  • Nerve and blood vessel damage (called diabetic neuropathy)
  • In severe cases, parts of the foot or lower leg may have to be amputated (removed)
  • Kidney disease (called diabetic nephropathy)

The good news is that diabetic complications can often be prevented by living a healthy lifestyle and controlling your blood sugar level.

To learn more about the services provided at Longwood Family Health, call 407.862.3400, or request an appointment on our website.